The Integration of Information and Communication Technologies in Primary and Secondary Education in Morocco: Case of the Meknes Prefecture
The information and communication technologies constitute today an inescapable lever in all the fields and sectors, in this sense developing the educational system and improving the modes of learning is a reality that is imposed on all the countries. Based on this observation, our country is part, hence the importance of developing the necessary measures to strengthen and develop a national education system inclusive to all, innovative, and quality, especially in a world that is constantly and profoundly changing, among these measures is the effective integration of information technology and communication for education. These technologies have constituted for several years an essential basic element to promote, improve and develop the teaching practices on all levels. Thus, this paper has as its object the study of the integration of information and communication technologies for primary and secondary education at the level of the Meknes Prefecture. To do this, this work is based on two tools; the first is a database that includes all students of the primary and secondary cycle for the school year 2018-2019, and the second is a questionnaire for school principals of the primary and secondary cycle, which has allowed the constitution of a sample of 39 schools. The results of this study have shown the degree of integration of ICT and its importance, especially in the fight against dropout, repetition, and improvement of academic achievement. However, this does not prevent the existence of difficulties and obstacles that must be taken into account and resolved, to achieve the objectives set and therefore ensure the transition to modern digital education, especially for children of compulsory school age.
JEF Classification: I21, O33, M53
Paper type: Applied research
Copyright (c) 2022 Salah Eddine El Kartouti, Sarah JUIDETTE
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