Lean management: Systematic literature review

  • Hanane Ellioua National Schools of Applied Sciences of Berrechid, Hassan First university, Morocco
  • Hind Benamer National Schools of Applied Sciences of Berrechid, Hassan First university, Morocco
Keywords: Lean management, Revue de littérature systématique, Key success factor


Lean management is a theme that has aroused the interest of several authors around the world and in different sectors. It is a management approach focused on the hunt for waste and the creation of value by putting the human factor at the heart of its philosophy.

Even though there is a consensus that lean improves performance, many companies are not achieving the desired results and the deployment of lean fails.

This article is part of a research work that tries to understand how local companies can collaborate with multinationals established in Morocco and increase their skills. The adoption of a universal managerial approach such as Lean is one of the proposals.

 Literature related to Lean management is abundant and very diverse. In order to frame the work carried out and draw up a state of the art of the existing state of the art, we have adopted the systematic literature review (RLS) which provides a global view and as complete as possible of the subject treated. This RLS takes into account 164 articles published in 30 academic journals over a period from 1990 to 2019.

The objective of this analysis is to identify the critical factors that determine the success of the implementation of the concept of Lean and to define new trends in Lean management research.

The main theoretical results are that the success of the deployment of Lean goes through the anchoring of a culture of pursuit of improvement and of waste hunting before applying the tools, the commitment of top management and the communication around the project. Lean.

Finally, for future research, it would be relevant to explore the role of national culture in the implementation of Lean and the success or failure of the process.


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How to Cite
Ellioua, H., & Benamer, H. (2021). Lean management: Systematic literature review. International Journal of Accounting, Finance, Auditing, Management and Economics, 2(3), 358-374. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4871187