ICTE and E-Learning: The Case of Private Higher Education Institutions in Morocco
The objective of this research is to identify the factors that influence students' attitudes towards the use of information technology and communication for education (ICTE) in their online learning activities, by using several models, specifically in private higher education in Morocco.
Several models have been used to examine the determinants of students' behavioral intention to use ICT in the learning process. Some of these popular models include the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) and its extension, the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology model (UTAUT).
In this research, the methodology used is that of a structural equation model in empirical testing and validation of the different hypotheses of our model based on a sample of 400 private higher education students and with the use of software tools for this purpose. The results showed that the intent of learners to use ICT for distance learning was significantly positively influenced by perceived usefulness, ICT quality, ICT output quality, ease of use, and hedonic motivation. Contrary to our previous expectations, facilitative conditions and social influence had no influence on the intention to use.
Theoretically, this research aims to contribute to an improved understanding of the determinants of ICTE adoption by learners, by proposing a model that is part of a socio-technical analysis framework. Thus, the expected impact on management objectives is important. Managers will have a good tool, easy and quick to implement, allowing them to evaluate either one or all of the to evaluate either one or all of the variables in the model.
The proposed model aims to identify not only the variables operationalized for ICT in a private higher education institution, but should also provide insight into the pathway that leads to its use by learners.
The model can be contextualized within Moroccan public universities, contextualized at the regional level in the kingdom, our model can also be studied in other Arab or African countries or those with similar economies.
The major limitations of our research are firstly the use of a conceptual model insufficiently based on causal relationships and secondly the failure to use moderating variables (age, level of education, experience)
JEL Classification: A2
Paper type: Empirical research
Copyright (c) 2022 Sidi Mohamed DAAQILI, Khaoula BAHITE
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