Towards a measurement of the impact of competencies on the wages of higher education graduates in Morocco
Case of Hassan First University of Settat
The paper aims at estimating the impact of competencies on wages for a sample of 842 laureates of Hassan the First University of Settat inserted in the labor market. The data come from the "insertion" surveys conducted annually since 2011 in partnership with the National Evaluation Authority attached to the Higher Council for Education, Training and Scientific Research (Morocco). The originality of this work consists in applying, in a first step, a multiple correspondence analysis on 19 competencies. 11 factors generated, accounting for 70.36% of the total inertia, will be integrated, in a second step, into Mincer's wage equation. Results show a positive and significant impact of 16 competencies on wages.
The impact of these factors is greater than that of education. Actually, education turns out to be an “incomplete” indicator of the stock of human capital. Labor market values the mastery of some competencies more than the number of years of study.
Furthermore, the results point out negative and significant coefficients for individuals working in the private sector compared to the public sector. The same negative impact is witnessed for women compared to men.
Copyright (c) 2021 Karima Bouaouz, Abdeljabbar Abdouni, Razane Chroqui
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